Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States

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Driesche, F.V.; Blossey, B.; Hoodle, M.; Lyon, S.; Reardon, R. Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. Morgantown, West Virginia. FHTET-2002-04. August 2002. 413 p.



Table of Contents


Section I: Weeds of Lakes, Ponds, and Rivers

1 Alligatorweed

2 Floating Fern (Salvinia)

3 Water Chestnut

4 Waterhyacinth

5 Waterlettuce

6 Eurasian Watermilfoil

7 Hydrilla

Section II: Weeds of Wetlands

8 Australian Paperbark Tree (Melaleuca)

9 Common Reed

10 Old World Climbing Fern

11 Purple Loosestrife

12 Japanese Knotweed

Section III: Weeds of Prairies and Grasslands

13 Spotted Knapweed

14 Leafy Spurge

15 Cypress Spurge

16 Swallow-Worts

17 Canada Thistle

18 Musk Thistle (Nodding Thistle)

19 Bull Thistle (Spear Thistle)

20 Slenderflower Thistle (Winged Slender or Seaside Thistle)

21 Plumeless Thistle (Curled Thistle, Bristly Thistle)

Section IV: Weeds of Old Fields and Pastures

22 Multiflora Rose

23 Tropical Soda Apple, Wetland Nightshade, and Turkey Berry

24 Brazilian Peppertree

Section V: Weeds of Forests

25 Kudzu

26 Mile-a-Minute Weed

27 Skunk Vine

28 Cogon Grass

29 Garlic Mustard

Section VI: Conclusion

30 Selection of Appropriate Future Target Weeds for Biological Control

Native Weeds vs. Introduced Weeds

Selecting Targets to Minimize Risk to Non-Target Organisms

Selecting Target Weeds to Promote Success

Predicting Successful Biological Control

How Targets Are Selected

Future Targets for Biological Control of Weeds