Vernicia fordii

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1116082
Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Euphorbiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Vernicia
Species: fordii
Scientific Name
Vernicia fordii
(Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw
Scientific Name Synonym
Aleurites fordii
(Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw
Common Names

tungoil tree, Chinese wood-oil tree

Overview

Appearance
Vernicia fordii is a deciduous tree that is up to 66 ft. (20 m) tall and has milky white sap.
Foliage
The leaves are simple, 6-10 in. (15.2-25.4 cm) long, alternate, and either heart-shaped or with three pointed lobes. The petioles are long and there is a distinctive red gland at the base of each leaf.
Flowers
The showy flowers have 5 white petals with red veins and bloom before the leaves emerge.
Fruit
The toxic fruits are reddish green, round and 2-3 in. (5.1-7.96 cm) in diameter.
Ecological Threat
Vernicia fordii grows best in full sun, but it can also grow in the understory. The tree is not particularly cold tolerant. Vernicia fordii invades forest edges, rights of ways and urban green spaces.

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