French tamarisk, saltcedar, tamarisk, tamarix
- Tamarix gallica is deciduous shrub that can grow up to 15 ft. (4.8 m) in height.
- Leaves are small, scale-like, gray-green in color, and overlap along the stem. The bark is smooth and reddish on younger plants, turning brown and furrowed with age.
- Flowers are small and white to pink in color.
- Fruits are small capsules.
- Ecological Threat
- Several species are considered invasive in the United States and distinguishing the species can often be difficult. Tamarix gallica invades streambanks, sandbars, lake margins, wetlands, moist rangelands, and saline environments. It can crowd out native riparian species, diminish early successional habitat, and reduce water tables and interferes with hydrologic process. Tamarix gallica is native to Eurasia and Africa and was introduced into the western United States as an ornamental in the early 1800s. It occurs throughout the western and central United States, but is most problematic in the Southwest.
- Zouhar, Kris. 2003. Tamarix spp. Fire Effects Information System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory
- Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- Texas Invasive Plant and Pest Council
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN
Images from Bugwood.org