Authors: Karan Rawlins, Hillery Reeves and Kaylee Tillery at the Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health, University of Georgia
- Solanum torvum Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen, shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight or lightly curved prickles.
- The alternate leaves are elliptical. Leaves are up to 10 in. (25 cm) long, 3 in. (7 cm) wide, wavy along the margins and have prickles on the veins.
- Solanum torvum has small, white flowers that occur in large, branched clusters. Plants flower continuously after reaching a height of 3.3-4.9 ft. (1-1.5 m).
- The fruits are small green berries that turn yellow when ripe.
- Ecological Threat
- Although Solanum torvum has only been found several times in Florida, it has the potential to invade a variety of sites, both wet and dry. Once established, it can sprout from the roots, creating large thickets that could displace native vegetation. Solanum torvum is found throughout the world’s tropical regions and was introduced into Florida sometime before 1900 for cultivation trials.
Tropical Soda Apple, Wetland Nightshade, and Turkey Berry 
Images from Bugwood.org