- Potamogeton crispus is a perennial, submerged, aquatic herb that is native to Eurasia.
- Leaves are sessile, oblong, stiff, 1.6-3.9 in. (4-10 cm) long, 0.2-0.4 in. (5-10 mm) wide, translucent and have noticeably curly margins (resemble lasagna noodles).
- Flowering occurs in the summer to early fall, when emergent flowers develop. Flowers are brown, inconspicuous and wind pollinated.
- Fruits are flat with a pointed beak and are 0.16-0.24 in. (4-6 mm) long. The seed do not seem to be viable. In the midsummer plants form turions (vegetative buds), from which new growth starts in fall or winter.
- Ecological Threat
- Potamogeton crispus tolerates fresh or slightly brackish water and can grow in shallow, deep, still or flowing water. Plants can grow in clear or turbid water, but are mostly shade intolerant. The method of introduction is unclear and it may have been introduced as a hitchhiker on boats, through the aquarium trade, or accidently when stock from a fish hatchery was released. It was first collected in 1860.
Global Invasive Species Database. 2011. Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the IUCN Species Survival Commission 
University of Florida, IFAS Extension, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants 
University of California, Jepson Flora Project 
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) 
Flora of North America, www.eFloras.org 
California Invasive Plant Council 
USDA NRCS PLANTS 
USDA ARS GRIN 
Images from Bugwood.org