- Phyllostachys aurea is a perennial, reed-like plant that can reach heights of 16-40 ft. (5-12 m). The canes (stems) are hollow with solid joints and can be 1-6 in. (2.5-15.2 cm) in diameter.
- Leaves are alternate, 3-10 in. (7.6-25.4 cm) long and 0.25-0.75 in. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide.
- Flowering is very rare (maybe once every 7 to 12 years).
- Plants spread by rhizomes.
- Ecological Threat
- Infestations are commonly found around old homesites and can rapidly expand in size. Phyllostachys aurea can form dense, monocultural thickets that displace native species. Once this plant is established, it is difficult to remove. It is native to China and was first introduced into the United States in 1882 for ornamental purposes.
- Gucker, Corey L. 2009. Phyllostachys aurea, Fire Effects Information System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory
- University of Florida, IFAS Extension, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- Texas Invasive Plant and Pest Council
- Flora of China, www.eFloras.org
- North Carolina Forest Service
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN