- Phleum pratense is a perennial bunchgrass, growing 2-3.5 ft. (0.61-1.1 m) tall, with a swollen or bulblike base, without rhizomes. It starts growth in early spring.
- Glabrous, distinctly veined on blade and sheath; blades flat to somewhat keeled, 4-8 in. (10.2-20.3 cm) long, up to 0.38 in. (0.95 cm) wide, tapering toward the tip, with midrib prominent on upper surface; leaves rolled in buds.
- The flowers occur from May to August. White little petals appears and the flower head is 2.8-5.9 in. (7-15 cm) long.
- The seeds are dense, cylindrical, symmetrical spike-like panicle, 2-5 in. (5-12.7 cm) long. The seeds have little hairs on them.
- Ecological Threat
- Phleum pratense will over take roadsides and abandoned fields but it requires larges amounts of nutrients from the soil.
- Esser, Lora L. 1993. Phleum pratense, Fire Effects Information System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory
- James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops, Purdue University
- University of Alaska Anchorage, Alaska Natural Heritage Program
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- Flora of China, www.eFloras.org
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN