Monochoria vaginalis

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Liliales
Family: Pontederiaceae
Genus: Monochoria
Species: M. vaginalis
Scientific Name
Monochoria vaginalis
(Burm. f.) K. Presl ex Kunth
Common Names

monochoria, heartshape false pickerelweed, heartshape falsepickerelweed, pickerel weed

Overview

Appearance
Monochoria vaginalis is an aquatic herbaceous plant native to temperate and tropical Asia. Plant size, leaf shape, and flower number in M. vaginalis are highly dependent on the amount of water available. It can be annual or perennial. It has a short rhizome. M. vaginalis can grow from 4-20 in. (10-50 cm) tall and is stemless.
Foliage
Two types of leaves are seen. The sessile leaves are up to 2 in. (5 cm) long. The blade is linear with an acuminate apex. Petiolate leaves are cordate with a soft hollow petiole from 3-11 in. (7-28 cm) long.
Flowers
The flowers of M. vaginalis are few to numerous in racemes 0.79-1.6 in. (2-4 cm) long. In California racemes usually bear 2-8 flowers. The peduncles emerge from the sheath of the upper-most leaf.
Fruit
Fruits are ellipsoid 3-valved capsules about 0.4 in. (1 cm) long. The numerous oblong seeds have 8-12 longitudinal ribs.
Ecological Threat
Monochoria vaginalis is listed as a Federal Noxious Weed. It has been reported in California and Hawaii. It is often seen as a weed in rice fields.

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