Melaleuca quinquenervia

From Bugwoodwiki
5391687
Taxonomy
Kingdom:
Plantae
Phylum:
Magnoliophyta
Class:
Magnoliopsida
Order:
Myrtales
Family:
Myrtaceae
Genus:
Melaleuca
Species:
M. quinquenervia
Scientific Name
Melaleuca quinquenervia
(Cav.) Blake
Common Names
melaleuca, punktree, paperbark

Overview

Appearance
Melaleuca quinquenervia is a tall (up to 80 ft. [24.4 m]), evergreen tree in the eucalyptus family that invades wetland habitats in southern Florida. The bark is papery, layered, brownish-white and peeling.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are gray-green, oval, 1-4 in. (2.5-10.2 cm) long and smell of camphor when crushed.
Flowers
Flowering occurs throughout the year. The brush-like spikes of flowers are white in color.
Fruit
Flowers give way to small, woody, seed capsules. Seeds are spread by wind and water.
Ecological Threat
Melaleuca quinquenervia aggressively invades a variety of wetland habitats including sawgrass marshes, wet prairies, and aquatic sloughs. It often forms impenetrable thickets, reduces biodiversity, displaces native vegetation and reduces the value of these habitats for wildlife. It also accelerates the loss of groundwater due to increased evapotranspiration. Melaleuca quinquenervia is native to Australia, New Guinea, and New Caledonia and was first introduced into the United States in southern Florida in the early 1900s for landscaping and “swamp drying” purposes. Melaleuca quinquenervia a resembles red bottlebrush (Callistemon citrinus), but the flowers of C. citrinus are red.

Resources



Images from Bugwood.org


5163020
5163022
5391687
5276042
5276031
2199097
5276025
5160009
5163027
5276033
5376517
5160005
1461082
1499061
5275058