Medicago lupulina

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Genus: Medicago
Species: M. lupulina
Scientific Name
Medicago lupulina
L.
Common Names

black medic, black medick, black medic clover, black medick, hop clover, hop medic, nonesuch, yellow trefoil

Overview

Appearance
Medicago lupulina is a low-growing summer or winter annual broadleaf plant growing to 1.6 ft. (0.5 m) tall.
Foliage
Stems are light green or reddish green and densely covered with white hairs. The alternate compound leaves are trifoliate.
Flowers
Flowers are yellow and usually clustered in groups of 15-50 flowers blooming from April to August. Each flower is about 0.13 in. (0.32 cm) long and each cluster is about 0.25 in. (0.64 cm) across.
Fruit
Each cluster of flowers is replaced by a dense cluster of seedpods. Each seedpod is dark-colored, hairy, strongly curled, and about 0.13 in. (0.32 cm) long containing a single dark seed that is somewhat flattened and reniform (kidney-shaped).
Ecological Threat
Medicago lupulina is usually found in highly disturbed areas and can be found in prairies, cropland, pastures, areas along railroads and roadsides. It is native to Eurasia.

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