Hypericum perforatum

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Theales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Hypericum
Species: H. perforatum
Scientific Name
Hypericum perforatum
L.
Common Names

common St. Johnswort, Klamathweed, St. John's wort

Overview

Appearance
Hypericum perforatum is a perennial, rhizomatous herb that can reach 4 ft. (1.2 m) in height.
Foliage
Leaves are opposite, sessile, elliptic, 0.4-1.2 in. (1-3 cm) long and dotted with many pellucid glands.
Flowers
Flowering occurs from June to September, when bright yellow flowers develop at the tips of the stems. Flowers have five petals and many stamens. Petals typically have black glands along the margins.
Fruit
The fruits are three-chambered capsules with three persistent styles.
Ecological Threat
Hypericum perforatum has been used to treat mild depression, but has been shown to cause hyper photosensitivity. Plants inhabit rangelands, pastures, roadsides and forest clearings. St Johnswort is native to Europe. Hypericum perforatum may be poisonous to cattle in large doses.

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