Hygrophila polysperma

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Hygrophila
Species: polysperma
Scientific Name
Hygrophila polysperma
(Roxb.) T. Anders.
Common Names

miramar weed, East Indian hygrophila, Indian swampweed

Contents

Overview

Appearance
Hygrophila polysperma may be annual or perennial depending on location. The four angled stems grow from 4-8 in. (10-20 cm) tall and are often prostrate. Stems are slightly swollen above the nodes. It is native to temperate and tropical Asia, which includes China and India. It is cultivated in some areas.
Foliage
The petiolate leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a smooth margin.
Flowers
Hygrophila polysperma has tiny white flowers that bloom on terminal spikes from September to November.
Fruit
The fruits are oblong capsules with trichomes along the edge. Each fruit produces from 20-30 seeds. Fruits mature from October to January.
Ecological Threat
Hygrophila polysperma can become an invasive problem in some tropical and temperate regions outside of its native range. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States. Hygrophila polysperma has only been reported in Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia. It has also been reported in Northern Mexico.

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