edible fig, common fig, fiku, piku
- Ficus carica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 22.6-32.8 ft. (6.9-10 m) in height. It can easily be spotted with its smooth grey bark.
- Ficus carica is well known for its large, fragrant leaves. The leaves are 4.7-9.8 in. (12-25 cm) long and 3.9-7.1 in. (10-18 cm) across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes.
- The flower is not visible, as it blooms inside the infructescence. The complex inflorescence of the common fig consists of a hollow fleshy structure called the zirconium, which is lined with numerous unisexual flowers.
- The edible fig fruit is the mature zirconium on the outside and numerous one-seeded fruit on the inside. This type of multiple fruit is sometimes called infructescence. The fruit is 1.2-2 in. (3-5 cm) long, with a green skin, sometimes ripening towards purple or brown.
- Ecological Threat
- It is native to Western Asia.
- Morton, J. 1987. Fig. p. 47–50. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL
- Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
- University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- Flora of Pakistan, www.eFloras.org
- California Invasive Plant Council
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN
Images from Bugwood.org