Ficus carica

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Urticales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Species: F. carica
Scientific Name
Ficus carica
L.
Common Names

edible fig, common fig, fiku, piku

Overview

Appearance
Ficus carica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 22.6-32.8 ft. (6.9-10 m) in height. It can easily be spotted with its smooth grey bark.
Foliage
Ficus carica is well known for its large, fragrant leaves. The leaves are 4.7-9.8 in. (12-25 cm) long and 3.9-7.1 in. (10-18 cm) across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes.
Flowers
The flower is not visible, as it blooms inside the infructescence. The complex inflorescence of the common fig consists of a hollow fleshy structure called the zirconium, which is lined with numerous unisexual flowers.
Fruit
The edible fig fruit is the mature zirconium on the outside and numerous one-seeded fruit on the inside. This type of multiple fruit is sometimes called infructescence. The fruit is 1.2-2 in. (3-5 cm) long, with a green skin, sometimes ripening towards purple or brown.
Ecological Threat
It is native to Western Asia.

Resources

Images from Bugwood.org

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