Epipactis helleborine

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Epipactis
Species: E. helleborine
Scientific Name
Epipactis helleborine
(L.) Crantz
Common Names

helleborine, helleborine

Overview

Appearance
Epipactis helleborine is a perennial herb in the orchid family that can grow anywhere from 9.8-35.4 in. (25-90 cm) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, clasping, dark green, 1.6-7.1 in. (4-18 cm) long, elliptic to lance shaped, and hairy. Flowering stem is green to purplish and usually short hairy.
Flowers
Flowers are 0.79-1.2 in. (2-3 cm) long, open with 3 petals the lowest petal forming a lip, and range in color from green to whitish green or green streaked to completely purple. Blooming occurs late June to August.
Fruit
Fruit are capsule that are egg-shaped to ellipsoid, green with brownish lines, up to 0.6 in. (1.5 cm) long, and generally hairy.
Ecological Threat
Epipactis helleborine prefers disturbed areas such as along foot trails and roadsides within woodlands.

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