- Epipactis helleborine is a perennial herb in the orchid family that can grow anywhere from 9.8-35.4 in. (25-90 cm) tall.
- Leaves are alternate, clasping, dark green, 1.6-7.1 in. (4-18 cm) long, elliptic to lance shaped, and hairy. Flowering stem is green to purplish and usually short hairy.
- Flowers are 0.79-1.2 in. (2-3 cm) long, open with 3 petals the lowest petal forming a lip, and range in color from green to whitish green or green streaked to completely purple. Blooming occurs late June to August.
- Fruit are capsule that are egg-shaped to ellipsoid, green with brownish lines, up to 0.6 in. (1.5 cm) long, and generally hairy.
- Ecological Threat
- Epipactis helleborine prefers disturbed areas such as along foot trails and roadsides within woodlands.
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- Flora of North America, www.eFloras.org
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN