- Elsinoë australis, sweet orange scab, is a fungus that mainly attacks citrus fruits.
- Signs and Symptoms
- E. australis forms spores on the surface of the scab pustules. This species of scab attacks mainly fruits. The conidia require moisture for spore production. They are usually dispersed by splashing rain. Fruits remain susceptible to E. australis for 6 to 8 weeks after flowering finishes.
- E. australis was spread to Rio Grande Valley-Texas, Arizona, Florida, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, and Uruguay.
- Control Efforts
- Fungicides work best on E. australis when used prior to disease onset, but some will also a degree of disease control after the fruit has been infected. All regulations and directions for application of fungicides in your state should be followed.
- APHIS-Approved Fungicides for Elsinoë australis, Causal Agent of Sweet Orange Scab (SOS) For Use in Plant Nurseries. 2011.
- Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests. Prepared by CABI and EPPO for the EU.
- Fact Sheet. Citrus Diseases, Citrus Resource, University of Florida. 2013.
- Pest tracker, National Agricultural Pest Information System.