- Echium plantagineum is an annual or biennial plant that can grow up to 39.3 in. (100 cm) tall.
- Rosette leaves are 2-7.9 in. (5-20 cm) long, ovate, petiolate, and prominent venation. Cauline leaves are oblong to lanceolate, and can be cordate at the base.
- Calyx consists of 5 sepals and is 0.28-0.59 in. (7-15 mm) across. Corolla consists of 5 fused petals that are 0.71-1.2 in. (18-30 mm) across, funnel shaped, and purple to blue or even pink to white in color. Flowering occurs from spring to summer.
- Fruits are 0.1 in. (2.5 mm) long, tan-grey to black, usually grouped in fours. Seeds are 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3 mm) long, brownish in color, wrinkled, and 3 sided.
- Ecological Threat
- Echium plantagineum can be found in pastures, vacant lands, and roadsides. It is native to Mediterranean and west Europe.
Oregon Department of Agriculture Plant Programs, Noxious Weed Control 
University of California, Jepson Flora Project 
NSW Department of Primary Industries 
Flora of Pakistan, www.eFloras.org 
USDA NRCS PLANTS 
USDA ARS GRIN 
Images from Bugwood.org