Scientific Name Synonyms
- Echium plantagineum is an annual or biennial plant that can grow up to 39.3 in. (100 cm) tall.
- Rosette leaves are 2-7.9 in. (5-20 cm) long, ovate, petiolate, and prominent venation. Cauline leaves are oblong to lanceolate, and can be cordate at the base.
- Calyx consists of 5 sepals and is 0.28-0.59 in. (7-15 mm) across. Corolla consists of 5 fused petals that are 0.71-1.2 in. (18-30 mm) across, funnel shaped, and purple to blue or even pink to white in color. Flowering occurs from spring to summer.
- Fruits are 0.1 in. (2.5 mm) long, tan-grey to black, usually grouped in fours. Seeds are 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3 mm) long, brownish in color, wrinkled, and 3 sided.
- Ecological Threat
- Echium plantagineum can be found in pastures, vacant lands, and roadsides. It is native to Mediterranean and west Europe.
- Oregon Department of Agriculture Plant Programs, Noxious Weed Control
- University of California, Jepson Flora Project
- NSW Department of Primary Industries
- Flora of Pakistan, www.eFloras.org
- USDA NRCS PLANTS
- USDA ARS GRIN
Images from Bugwood.org