Cirsium vulgare

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1459751
Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cirsium
Species: C. vulgare
Scientific Name
Cirsium vulgare
(Savi) Ten.
Scientific Name Synonym
Cirsium lanceolatum
(Savi) Ten.
Carduus vulgaris
(Savi) Ten.
Carduus lanceolatus
(Savi) Ten.
Common Names

bull thistle, common thistle, spear thistle

Overview

Appearance
Cirsium vulgare is an annual or biennial, herbaceous plant that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States. The spiny, spreading, winged stems are up to 7 ft. (2.1 m) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are 3-12 in. (7.6-30.5 cm) long, lance-shaped and very hairy.
Flowers
Flowers develop, at the apex of the plant, from June to September. The purple flower heads are 1.5-2 in. (3.8-5.1 cm) in diameter and 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) long with narrow, spine-tipped bracts.
Fruit
Fruits have several bristles on the tip and are up to 0.2 in. (5 mm) long.
Ecological Threat
Cirsium vulgare can invade almost any type of disturbed area, such as forest clearcuts, riparian areas and pastures. Plants can form dense thickets, displacing other vegetation. The spiny nature of the plant renders it unpalatable to wildlife and livestock and reduces the forage potential of pastures. Cirsium vulgare is native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. It is thought to have been introduced to the eastern United States during colonial times and the western United States in the late 1800s. It is currently found in all 50 states.

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