Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

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Contents

Current Projects

TITLE OF PROJECT SUPPORTING AGENCY
Building an Educational, Training and Outreach Image Support System for the Southern Plant Diagnostic Network USDA CSREES
Developing and Extending through Public Awareness and Outreach FHP Healthy Forest / Invasive Species Information and Programs using the Bugwood Network USDA Forest Service
Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey Program USDA APHIS PPQ / GA Dept. of Agriculture
wikiIPM: A Rich Internet Application to Support IPM Education and Training USDA CSREES SRIPM
Assisting USDA/FS, S&PF, Northeast Region, St. Paul Field Office implement programs using the ForestryImages system USDA Forest Service
Operation, expansion, and upkeep of ForestryImages systems USDA Forest Service
Improving the image and educational support system for integrated pest management USDA CSREES
Image support for the USDA-APHIS Global Pest and Disease Database USDA APHIS
CAPS and Homeland Security Priority Pest Image Archive USDA APHIS
Expanding IPMImages to meet the needs of Southern IPM extension education and plant diagnostic communities USDA CSREES SRIPM
Providing a simple interface for management of the Widely Prevalent Fungi List University of Florida / USDA APHIS PPQ
Control & Demonstration Project on Japanese Climbing Fern and Cogongrass USDA Forest Service
Everglades CISMA Early Detection and Rapid Response Website National Park Service

Building an Educational, Training and Outreach Image Support System for the Southern Plant Diagnostic Network

The Bugwood Network has partnered with the Southern Plant Diagnostic Network (SPDN) to:

  1. identify the species of concern to the SPDN
  2. obtain images of the listed species including all life stages and depictions of damage
  3. provide an interface to easily access these images as well as others used in the SPDN training modules.

A list of 1290 species has been developed covering insects, diseases, weeds, and other disorders found in the Southern Region. The list can be found at http://www.ipmimages.org/spdn. The Bugwood Network is now in the process of acquiring images for those species and life stages which are not represented in the image archive.

Developing and Extending through Public Awareness and Outreach FHP Healthy Forest / Invasive Species Information and Programs using the Bugwood Network

The USDA Forest Service is responsible for implementing the Healthy Forest Initiation and for dealing with Non-native and/or Species considered to be invasive in US Forests. Part of the FS responsibilities include developing information and management strategies to help forest and range-land owners and managers deal with implementation of the Healthy Forest Initiative and to identify and manage non-native and invasive species that are or could be threats to the forested and rangelands.

The University of Georgia’s Bugwood Network has worked in partnership with The USFS to develop and implement WWW-internet-based delivery strategies and systems to help The USFS carryout their mission and mandate to land-owners and land-managers. However, these preliminary information systems can be improved, and integrated into operational and ongoing systems and enhanced with new information packaged and integrated into these systems.

Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey Program

A primary objective of the CAPS program is to safeguard our nation’s food and environmental security from exotic pests that threaten our production and ecological systems. The Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) provides a cooperative agreement mechanism to fund domestic surveys of harmful or economically significant plant pests and weeds that have eluded first-line inspections at our ports-of-entry. These surveys are necessary to safeguard our Nation’s agricultural and natural resources by detecting early pest infestations or introductions. Core funding is provided to each cooperating state department of agriculture for the purpose of data management, yearly committee meetings, and CAPS activity coordination and communication. A strong domestic pest detection infrastructure is vital to ensuring that scientifically valid, current and reliable pest/disease survey data are available on a continuing basis.

The strengthening of our pest detection and response infrastructure and capabilities. The benefits to the citizens of the State of Georgia include, but are not limited to:

  1. prevent loss of natural resources
  2. improve state capabilities in pest detection and bio-security
  3. reduce restrictions on international shipments of plants or plant products
  4. establish and maintain cooperative relationships with USDA and DHS at our ports of entry
  5. maintain an operational state-level task force to address issues relating to exotic and invasive pests of agriculture and natural resources.

wikiIPM: A Rich Internet Application to Support IPM Education and Training

IPM is an information intensive system of management. Land Grant Universities have been and continue to be the driving force in the development and implementation of IPM in the US.

US crops and natural systems have experienced increased peril as a result of the increase in the number of non-native (potential) pests introduced into the US through global trade. In response, USDA-APHIS, USDA-FS, and Land Grant Institutions have developed programs to help detect and try to mitigate the impact of these non-native pests. The National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) sponsored by USDA-CSREES is one of a number of programs developed by US federal, state and Land Grant Institutions to detect and help mitigate impacts of these unwanted invaders. NPDN is implemented primarily through regional programs, with the Southern Region Plant Diagnostic Network (SPDN) program housed at The University of Florida. Existing regional and state IPM programs have cooperated and collaborated with, and in many cases, have been active in implementation of NPDN programs on matters relevant to both program missions.

Bugwood and the Florida SPDN Center partnered in 2005 on a three year SR-IPM project to: a) expand the images available in IPMImages, and b) develop more effective “image tools” and linkages between these programs.

This SR-IPM Capstone project wikiIPM: A Rich Internet Application to support IPM Education and Training will build upon the successes of this project. In this project, we will:

  1. evaluate and build-upon the existing information available in the SPDN and Bugwood web systems;
  2. develop and provide Rich Internet Application (RIA) tools that will enable IPM and SPDN educators to build educational fact sheets, newsletters and AG Alerts from information and images available on and through the SPDN and Bugwood systems; and
  3. provide mechanisms that will enable educators to deliver locally-adapted educational resources to users through SPDN and state-level IPM information delivery systems.

The initial target applications will be Fact Sheets and AG Alerts that will be developed for use in SPDN entomology and pathology educational and training materials.

Assisting USDA Forest Service State and Private Forestry, Northeast Region, St. Paul Field Office implement programs using the ForestryImages system

The USDA Forest Service field office in Saint Paul has a large number of slides and digital images that they wish to share with others. Their personnel will send images and information to the Bugwood Network Staff for the purpose of having them cataloged and posted to the Bugwood Image Database and Forestry Images. This will allow the images to be accesses and used by all audiences.

Operation, expansion, and upkeep of ForestryImages systems

ForestryImages is widely used to support educational efforts on forest health. This project provides resources to cost-share the operational, development, expansion and upgrading costs associated with the continued upkeep of the resource.

Improving the image and educational support system for integrated pest management

This project addresses the current needs of existing Extension IPM programs for production agriculture in the High Plains (CO, Western NE, WY, MT and Western SD) and Great Plains (MT, ND, SD, WY, NE, CO, KS, OK, and TX) regions since it fosters a new collaboration to combine and share existing databased information resources used in educating pest managers on implementing IPM while controlling insects and diseases across the region and across the U.S. This project builds upon and leverages the outcomes of CSREES IPM projects that led to the development and availability of the Bugwood Image and Database System(IDS) through “migration” of images and information now resident in the CSU AgImages system that is in need of upgrading and restricting into BugwoodIDS. It provides better access to as well as new tools to maximize the wide-spread impact and benefit of the combined resources in delivering training to extension personnel and government employees on the identification and management of all pests and diseases through online educational materials. Increased emphasis is placed on critical pest and disease management issues such as new, exotic/invasive and high consequence pests.

In this project, we will:

  1. Incorporate the images and information from aging Colorado State University AgImage Database into the Bugwood Image Database System at the University of Georgia
  2. Establish Colorado State University to act as a permanent “remote image and information entry node” to better address the needs of the Great Plains and High Plains regions
  3. Integrate images and information contained in the Bugwood Image Database System with resources available through the High Plains Integrated Pest Management Guide and Great Plains Diagnostic Network at Montana State University to enhance the internet resources used for pest management

Image support for the USDA-APHIS Global Pest and Disease Database

The project goal is to develop a collaborative, dynamic archive to increase access to images on exotic organisms considered to be of regulatory concern to the United States. Specifically, the Bugwood Network will

  1. locate high-resolution images of exotic plant pests prioritized by PPQ's Global Pest and Disease Database project
  2. secure royalty-free access to these images as educational tools
  3. digitize and archive the images
  4. develop web services protocol to provide interoperable access of the image archive with the GPDD

USDA-PPQ, in cooperation with the GPDD, will carry our the following tasks:

  1. Provide a list of high-priority plant pests on which images recruitment should be focused
  2. Use the web service provided by Bugwood to make the images accessible through the GPDD.

CAPS and Homeland Security Priority Pest Image Archive

We will work with PPQ, researchers and other specialists to try to locate, obtain access to and digitize or acquire digital formats of images for species on the Eastern Region, National CAPS, Homeland Security and Emerging Plant Pest Lists as well as for species that are encountered during surveys and make them available through the Invasive.org and Forestry Image systems.

Expanding IPMImages to meet the needs of Southern IPM extension education and plant diagnostic communities

This project will expand IPMImages.org to increase SE IPM Extension and Plant Diagnostic Communities support by working with S.E. Land Grant Universities to digitize and add images to IPMImages where they can be used by educators, practitioners, farmers and the general public.

A 3-year SR-IPM project involving Bugwood and SPDN built an educational, training and outreach image support system is ending soon. Project results include:

  • expanding teh list of species of concern from 20 to 1290 species
  • Adding 7,700 images
  • Modifying the user interface and search features to better support SPDN and IPM

Many more images were acquired than were budgeted for in the project. Recently, several additional SPDN cooperators expressed a willingness to contribute several image sets. Bugwood personnel believe that an additional 5,000 images could be added through this cooperation, but inadequate personnel time exists in the current project to complete these tasks.

Objectives are to:

  1. build upon the established cooperation
  2. Work with additional SPDN and IPM cooperators
  3. develop linkages with the Georgia Distance Diagnostics thru Digital Imaging system
  4. identify and integrate additional image sets
  5. develop and improve linkages to NPDN/PDIS
  6. improve image submission, processing and retrieval tools
  7. expand "tools" to increase SPDN and IPM support

Providing a simple interface for management of the Widely Prevalent Fungi List (WPFL)

To facilitate expedited shipment of fungi across state lines, it is necessary to know whether or not a fungus is considered widely prevalent in the state that will be receiving the specimen. There can be a great deal of confusion in maintaining these lists on a state by state or national basis due to the life stages of various fungi and the use of synonymous taxonomy. With guidance and input from the University of Florida and USDA APHIS PPQ, the Bugwood Network will create an online interface that will:

  1. Provide national Flash Map distributions of fungi by state
  2. Provide Flash Map selection of a state to see WPFL for that state
  3. Provide a specialist login to provide updating to the WPFL for a state they are responsible for. This includes:
    1. Adding a fungus to a state WPFL
    2. Removing a fungus from a state’s WPFL
    3. Requesting the addition of a fungal species not currently available in the system.
  4. Provide image gallery creation tools for the WPFL. This will allow authorized users to select selecting images from the Bugwood Image Database System for those fungi on the WPFL. The created image galleries will be available at various places on the WPFL site.

Control & Demonstration Project on Japanese Climbing Fern and Cogongrass

Natural resource land managers and landowners face increasing pressures from exotic invasive plants which impact land use and resource productivity. In Georgia, two rapidly spreading invasive plants, cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) and Japanese climbing fern (Lygodium japonicum (Thunb. ex Murr.) Sw.), are increasing in occurrence. Successful intervention to control existing infestations and prevent spread requires effective control options. This project will demonstrate the effectiveness of several forestry herbicides on the control of cogongrass and Japanese climbing fern relative to impacts on native non-target vegetation and develop control/demonstration areas for training/outreach programs. Herbicides to be evaluated include Escort (metsulfuron), Milestone (aminopyralid), Garlon (triclopyr), Arsenal (imazapyr), and glyphosate.

Japanese climbing fern is a rapidly expanding problem in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions of the Southeast. Initial infestations often begin within riparian buffers and then spread into adjacent stands. Control of initial infestations along these buffers would allow early intervention and control when the species is first detected. This project will serve to treat initial infestations and provide an evaluation of herbicide effectiveness and impacts on desirable native vegetation within the treatment areas. These control/demonstration sites will be utilized for training of foresters, other natural resource managers and landowners. The climbing fern project will focus on tracts in the Coastal Plain of Georgia where Japanese climbing fern is starting to invade along riparian zones. The climbing fern infestations are developing along streamsides & into riparian buffers in these tracts, and the project would focus on direct treatment of climbing fern in streamside management zones (SMZs). The SMZs would be mapped to determine the total area to be treated on each tract.

Cogongrass infestations within Georgia are at relatively low levels as compared to surrounding states, but pressure is increasing as this aggressive grass is becoming more widely distributed in the state each year. With the ability to spread in open ground to mature forests, it impacts a wide array of sites. A control/demonstration site will be established in Seminole County Georgia on a relatively large infestation that will allow installation of side-by-side comparison plots to show effects of herbicide and surfactant selection and application.

The project will require two growing seasons and results will be presented at a regional meeting and published. The control/demonstration sites will be used to provide training to managers and landowners on effective control options.

Everglades CISMA Early Detection and Rapid Response Website

The Everglades Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area (CISMA) is a formal partnership of federal, state, and local government agencies, tribes, individuals, and various interested groups that manage invasive species in the greater Everglades area. It was formed to enhance restoration of the Everglades by creating a defined commitment of cooperation between agencies and organizations. With this partnership and cooperation, has come the need to create a central location to report, share and store species sightings and distribution information (EDDMapS). The University of Georgia’s Bugwood Network has developed a user-friendly web-based invasive plant reporting and distribution system using Microsoft SQL Server, Adobe Coldfusion, FlashMaps and Google Maps. This project will adapt this system to work specifically for the Everglades CISMA and allow for entry of all invasive species (animals, plants, diseases). It will be available via newly designed web site specifically for the Everglades CISMA designed by and hosted on servers at the University of Georgia Bugwood Network. The Bugwood Network staff will work closely with CISMA cooperators to ensure the site meets current and future needs of the group. One in-person training session will be provided for cooperators upon completion of the system. Two online training sessions will also be provided if needed. Maintenance and updates to the website will be provided for a period of 12 months from start of project.

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