Ardisia elliptica

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Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Primulales
Family: Myrsinaceae
Genus: Ardisia
Species: A. elliptica
Scientific Name
Ardisia elliptica
Thunb
Common Names

shoebutton ardisia

Overview

Appearance
Ardisia elliptica is a tall shrub or small tree that can reach heights of 20 ft. (6.1 m).
Foliage
The leathery leaves are 3-6 in. (7.6-15.2 cm) long, 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, elliptical and entire.
Flowers
Most flowering occurs in the summer, but flowering can continue year-round. The flowers are small, pink, star-shaped and hang in clusters from the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Fruits are drupes that are rounded, fleshy, 0.3 in. (8 mm) in diameter, and start out red in color but turn black or purple as they mature.
Ecological Threat
Ardisia elliptica grows well in low, wet areas and in old fields. This species is shade-tolerant. Birds eat the fruit and so disperse the seeds. Ardisia elliptica is a native of Southeast Asia and was introduced into the United States as an ornamental in the late 1800’s.

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